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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Bunodophoron formosanum (Zahlbr.) Wedin
  Pl. Syst. Evol. 187: 233 (1993); Sphaerophorus melanocarpus subsp. formosanus Zahlbr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 31: 206 (1933); Sphaerophorus formosanus (Zahlbr.) Asahina, in M.Mituno, J. Jap. Bot. 14: 667 (1938). T: Raisa, Taiwan, 1926, Y.Asahina F 274; holo: W; iso: TNS. **** Sphaerophorus compressus var. candidus Müll.Arg., Flora 64: 505 (1881), as Sphaerophoron compressum var. candidum; Sphaerophorus melanocarpus var. candidus (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 695 (1922). T: Bellenden Ker Range, Qld, Karsten s.n.; lecto: G, fide M.Wedin, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 31(1): 50 (1995); isolecto: BM, G, S.  
  Thallus forming extensive colonies or small patches of numerous crowded thalli. Fertile branches subterete to flattened, particularly at the base, slender, sparingly branched, 2–3.8 cm long, 1.5–3 mm wide. Upper surface pale grey to almost white, smooth, but usually with ±abundant short terete isidioid branchlets. Apothecia sparse to abundant, terminal, 1.2–3 (–3.5) mm wide; supporting branches slender, narrowly compressed to subterete, usually slightly bent upwards, but often not well delimited. Mazaedia subapically exposed, conspicuous, strongly sooty, becoming exposed very early. Ascospores 5.5–7.5 (–9) µm diam., brownish grey to dark grey. Conidia bacilliform, 3.5–6.5 × 1.5–2 µm. CHEMISTRY: Medulla K+ pale yellow, P+ orange (reactions often faint); containing sphaerophorin, stictic acid, constictic acid, cryptostictic acid and norstictic acid.
  Epiphytic in temperate and subtropical rainforest at higher altitudes in Qld and N.S.W. Also in Lord Howe Is. and widespread in tropical and subtropical high-altitude rainforest throughout the world.  
  Wedin (2001)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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