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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Bunodophoron insigne (Laurer) Wedin
  Pl. Syst. Evol. 187: 233 (1993); Sphaerophorus insignis Laurer, Linnaea 2: 45 (1827), as Sphaerophoron insigne; Sphaerophorus australis f. insignis (Laurer) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 17 (1883), as Sphaerophoron australe f. insigne; Sphaerophorus melanocarpus f. insignis (Laurer) J.S.Murray, Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 88: 190 (1960). T: Australia, F.Sieber s.n.; lecto: BM, fide K.Ohlsson, in L.Tibell, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 27(1): 224 (1987); epitype: CANB, fide M.Wedin, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 31(1): 55 (1995); Errinundra Plateau, Vic., 1986, J.A.Elix 19998 & H.Streimann; isoepitype: BM, UPS, US (J.A.Elix, Lich. Australas Exs. 220, 1990). ****Sphaerophorus ceranoides Hampe, Linnaea 28: 217 (1856). T: Sealers Cove, Vic., Aug. 1854, F.Müller; lecto: MEL, fide M. Wedin, Pl. Syst. Evol. 187: 233 (1993); isolecto: MEL. ****Sphaerophorus australis var. proliferus F.Wilson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 370 (1891), as Sphaerophoron australe var. aut f. prolifera; Sphaerophorus melanocarpus f. proliferus (F.Wilson) J.S.Murray, Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 88: 119 (1960). T: Black Spur, Vic., 21 Mar. 1885, F.R.M.Wilson s.n.; lecto: NSW, fide M.Wedin, Pl. Syst. Evol. 187: 233 (1993); isolecto: NSW.  
  Thallus forming patches to large colonies of crowded and imbricate weakly decumbent to horizontal branches. Fertile branches narrowly to broadly flattened, 1.8–5 (–8.5) cm long, 1.5–3.5 (–5.5) mm wide, usually sparingly and irregularly branched, sometimes more richly and regularly branched; margins sometimes lined by small branchlets. Upper surface greenish or brownish grey, usually distinctly brown when exposed, smooth or usually rugose above the apothecia. Apothecia usually abundant, terminal, sometimes ventral due to extension of main branch with repeated production of apothecia, 2.5–5 (–8.5) mm wide; margin usually lined by ±abundant short to long subterete to flattened branchlets. Mazaedia large, ventrally exposed through usually irregular cracks in the thalline receptacle which partly covers the mature mazaedium. Younger apothecia are visible as roundish swellings on the underside of the apices of fertile branches. Ascospores (7.5–) 11–13.5 (–16.5) µm diam., reddish brown. Conidia oblong, 3–4 × 1.5 µm. CHEMISTRY: Medulla K–, P+ red; containing sphaerophorin, protocetraric acid, ascomatic acid, methyl ascomatate and trace amounts of several unidentified substances.
  Occurs in N.S.W., Vic. and Tas.; a common species in most types of cool-temperate rainforest, and occasionally in wet-sclerophyll forest. Also in New Zealand, Chile and Argentina.  
  Wedin (2001)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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