Department of the Environment and Water Resources home page

About us | Contact us | Publications | What's new

Header imagesHeader imagesHeader images

Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Icmadophila splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) D.J.Galloway
  Lichenologist 32: 295 (2000); Parmelia splachnirima Hook.f. & Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 645 (1844); Baeomyces splachnirimus (Hook.f. & Taylor) Mitt., in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Tasman. 2: 348 ('1860') [1859]; Lobaria splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 292 (1925); Knightiella splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 1 (1931); Thelidea splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) P.James, in W.Martin, Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 3: 205 (1968), nom. inval.; Physcia splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) Yoshim., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 34: 253 (1971). T: Van Diemen's Land [Tas.]; lecto: Van Diemen's Land, s. loc., R.C.Gunn, FH n.v.; isolecto: BM n.v., fide D.J.Galloway & J.A.Elix, New Zealand J. Bot. 18: 482 (1980). ****Baeomyces squamarioides Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1: 184 (1860); Knightiella squamarioides (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 202 (1888). T: "supra terram in Tasmania inter Jungemannias minores", in Herb. Hooker; lecto: Tas., s. loc., C.Stuart, ex Herb. Hooker, H-NYL 40234 n.v.; isolecto: BM n.v., fide D.J.Galloway & J.A.Elix, loc. cit. (1980). ****Knightiella leucocarpa Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 255 (1886); Lobaria leucocarpa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., in A.Engler & K.Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenf. 1(1): 188 (1906); Cystolobis leucocarpa (Müll.Arg.) Clem., Gen. Fungi 175 (1909). T: Mt William, [Vic.], altit. 5000 ped., Sullivan 85; holo: G 002214 n.v., fide D.J.Galloway & J.A.Elix, op. cit. 483. ****Thelidea corrugata Hue, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 48: LXI (1902). T: L'Ile Campbell, M.Filhol, 1874; lecto: H-NYL 30826 n.v., fide D.J.Galloway & J.A.Elix, New Zealand J. Bot. 18: 483 (1980).  
  Thallus squamulose to foliose, lobate, moderately to tightly adnate, forming patches to 8 cm wide; lobes discrete to contiguous to subimbricate, rounded to flabellate or rarely ±truncate, (0.5–) 1–2.5 (–5) mm wide, continuous to subcrustose centrally, plane, becoming undulate to rugulose, ±ascending or rarely inflexed, pale to bright green when fresh and moist, ivory to ash grey to pale green-grey when dry, turning buff to fawn to pink on long storage; outer lobes ±white-pruinose, emaculate or sparingly maculate in densely shaded sites, smooth near margins and lobe apices, but often papillate to short-dactylate laminally with young apothecial initials; margins thickened, slightly recurved, ±paler; cortex pseudo-parenchymatous; medulla white, ±tinged buff or pink on long storage; lower surface ±smooth, arachnoid. Apothecia laminal, often clustered or densely crowded; apothecial initials present as pale hemispherical swellings or papillae in upper cortex which become short-dactylate as stipes elongate, before expanding laterally at apex as disc forms; initially concolorous with upper cortex, soon becoming paler then pinker as disc develops; mature apothecia sessile to shortly stipitate, solitary or clustered and ±confluent, (0.3–) 1–3 (–5) mm wide; disc plane or weakly concave, becoming strongly undulate and irregular to recurved, initially smooth to scabrid to rugulose-scabrid to rarely fissured, ±white-pruinose, ivory to pale brown to mushroom-pink to rose-pink; margin lecideine, buff or ivory to concolorous with thallus on long storage, smooth, eventually crenulate or rugulose. Ascospores at first simple, becoming 1-septate at maturity, ellipsoidal to narrowly ovoid, straight or rarely weakly curved, 12–17.5 (–20.5) × 3–6 (–7) µm (Australian specimens). Pycnidia not seen. CHEMISTRY: Cortex K+ pale yellow, C–, KC–, P+ yellow, UV+ white; apothecia (disc and stipe) K+ yellow then brown, C–, P+ yellow-orange; containing thamnolic acid (major), decarboxythamnolic acid (±trace), 4-O-methylcrypto-chlorophaeic acid (±trace) and 1–4 unknown depsides (±traces).
  Widespread in Tas. and Vic. Also in New Zealand (South Island), including Auckland Is. and Campbell Is. Grows in cool, humid habitats in damp, lightly shaded or sheltered sites on acidic substrata, often on earth banks on sandy, gravelly or peaty soils, organic litter, rarely on wood, over bryophytes and small tussocks, forming extensive patches in favourable sites.  
  Johnston (2001b)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from Australian Biological Resources Study. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed in the first instance to Dr P. McCarthy. These pages may not be displayed on, or downloaded to, any other server without the express permission of ABRS.

Top | About us | Advanced search | Contact us | Information services | Publications | Site index | What's new