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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Everniastrum sorocheilum (Vain.) Hale ex Sipman
  Mycotaxon 26: 242 (1986)
Parmelia sorocheila Vain., Hedwigia 38: 123 (1899); Cetrariastrum sorocheilum (Vain.) W.L.Culb. & C.F.Culb., Bryologist 84: 292 (1981). T: near Bogota, Colombia, J.Weir 5 p.p.; holo: BM.
  Thallus straggling, to 3–7 cm wide. Lobes strap-shaped, subdichotomously branched, becoming partly canaliculate, 0.5–2.5 mm wide; margins ciliate; cilia conspicuous, simple or sparingly dichotomously branched, 0.5–2 mm long. Upper surface grey to grey-green, flat, smooth, matt, often finely white-maculate; soralia at or near lobe apices, hooded or revolute; soredia farinose, white or becoming grey-black. Lower surface shiny, rugose, often distinctly channelled, black, pale brown towards lobe apices; rhizines sparse, simple or squarrosely branched. Apothecia and pycnidia not seen. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K+ yellow then red, C-, P+ orange; containing atranorin, chloroatranorin, salazinic acid (major), consalazinic acid and protolichesterinic acid.
  In Australia, this species is known from a single collection (Vic.); also known from New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, the Philippines, Africa, North, Central and South America. Grows on bark and, rarely, on rock.  
  Elix (1994f)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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