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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Flavoparmelia ferax (Müll.Arg.) Hale
  Mycotaxon 25: 604 (1986); Parmelia ferax Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 257 (1886); Pseudoparmelia ferax (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 190 (1974). T: near Guntawang, N.S.W., Hamilton 2; lecto: G, fide M.E.Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 31: 31 (1976). Parmelia obversa Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 76 (1899). T: Riverina, N.S.W., H.Paton s.n.; lecto: GLAM; isolecto: BM, fide M.E.Hale, loc. cit. (1976).  
  Thallus adnate, to 5–10 cm wide. Lobes imbricate, elongate, sometimes becoming lobulate, 2–3 mm wide; margins crenulate; apices rotund. Upper surface pale yellow-green, ±rugulose at lobe margins, densely rugose in thallus centre, dull or sometimes slightly shiny, lacking soredia, dactyls and isidia. Medulla white. Lower surface rugulose; rhizines sparse, simple. Apothecia sessile, 2–6 mm wide, crowded in thallus centre; disc concave, cinnamon-brown to dark brown; thalline exciple strongly involute, persistent, becoming rugulose. Ascospores 13–15 × 7–8 µm. Pycnidia common. Conidia fusiform, 9 × 1 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K-, UV-; medulla K-, C-, KC-, P+ deep orange; containing usnic acid, physodalic acid (major), conphysodalic acid (minor) and protocetraric acid (trace).
  Common, endemic, found on bark, dead wood, and old fence posts in drier areas of southern and central Australia (W.A., N.T., S.A., N.S.W. and Vic.). A misidentified Tasmanian specimen is F. rutidota (Kantvilas et al., 2002).  
  Elix (1994g)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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