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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Parmelia salcrambidiocarpa Hale
  Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 66: 37 (1987). T: Whakapapanui Walk Trail Head near the Chateau, Tongariro National Park, North Island, New Zealand, M.E.Hale 65558; holo: US.  
  Thallus loosely adnate to adnate, becoming nearly pulvinate, firm, thin, to 4–12 cm wide. Lobes loosely imbricate, sublinear, sparingly dichotomously branched, 1.5–4 mm wide. Upper surface whitish grey, flat, shiny, white-maculate, smooth to rugose, continuous or transversely cracked with age, without soredia and isidia; pseudocyphellae laminal and marginal, forming a nearly continuous narrow rim around margins; laminal pseudocyphellae effigurate and separate, fissuring with age. Lower surface moderately to densely rhizinate; rhizines simple to moderately squarrosely branched, usually projecting as a mat beyond lobe margins, 1–3 mm long. Apothecia common, pedicellate, 5–18 mm wide; disc concave or sometimes flat and radially splitting, pale brown to dark brown; thalline exciple pseudocyphellate. Ascospores 12–15 × 7–10 µm. Pycnidia numerous. Conidia bacilliform to weakly bifusiform, 5–6 × 1 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K+ yellow then red, C-, P+ red-orange; containing atranorin, chloroatranorin, salazinic acid (major), consalazinic acid (minor) and ±lobaric acid (minor).
  Scattered in south-eastern Australia (N.S.W. and Tas.); also occurs on the North Is. of New Zealand. Grows on bark.  
  Elix (1994o)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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