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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Parmotrema chinense (Osbeck) Hale & Ahti
  Taxon 35: 133 (1986)
Lichen chinensis Osbeck, Dagb. Ostind. Resa 221 (1757). T: specimen and pl. 20, fig. 39B, J.J.Dillenius, Hist. Musc. 147 (1742); lecto: OXF, n.v., fide M.E.Hale & T.Ahti, loc. cit.
Lichen perlatus Huds., Fl. Angl. 448 (1762); Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach., Methodus 216 (1803); Parmotrema perlatum (Huds.) M.Choisy, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 21: 174 (1952), nom. illeg.; lecto: as for L. chinensis Osbeck.
Parmelia coniocarpa Laurer, Linnaea 2: 39 (1827). T: Nova Hollandia, [N.S.W.], F.W.Sieber 50; holo: M, n.v., fide M.E.Hale, Contr. U.S. Natl Herb. 36: 300 (1965).
Parmelia schweinfurthii f. sorediata Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 59 (1887); Parmelia protosorediata Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 288 (1931). T: East Gippsland, Vic., C.Walther; holo: G, n.v., fide M.E.Hale, loc. cit.

  Thallus loosely adnate to adnate, membranaceous to coriaceous, to 5–13 cm wide. Lobes subirregular, 5–10 mm wide, without laciniae; margins entire; cilia apical, 2–5 mm long. Upper surface pale grey, emaculate, smooth, without soredia; isidia cylindrical, becoming coralloid branched, fragile, eciliate. Medulla white. Lower surface black, erhizinate in a broad zone along margins; rhizines sparse, simple, short, brown. Apothecia not seen. Pycnidia uncommon. Conidia not seen. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K+ bright yellow, C-, P+ orange-red; containing atranorin, chloroatranorin, stictic acid (major), constictic acid (major), cryptostictic acid (trace), menegazziaic acid (trace) and norstictic acid (trace).
  Grows on bark and wood in southern and eastern Australia (W.A., S.A., Qld, N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic. and Tas.). This cosmopolitan species is widespread throughout tropical and temperate areas; in Australasia it also occurs in New Zealand, Norfolk Is., Fiji and Papua New Guinea.  
  Elix (1994t)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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