Department of the Environment and Water Resources home page

About us | Contact us | Publications | What's new

Header imagesHeader imagesHeader images

Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Parmotrema subrugatum (Kremp.) Hale
  Phytologia 28: 339 (1974);
Parmelia subrugata Kremp., Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 320 (1868). T: Organ Mountains, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Helmreichen s.n.; holo: M, n.v., fide M.E.Hale, Contr. U.S. Natl Herb. 36: 341 (1965).
Parmelia cyathina Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 4: 252 (1877–1878). T: near Brisbane, F.M.Bailey 3; lecto: BM, n.v., fide R.W.Rogers, Austrobaileya 1: 506 (1982). For further synonymy see M.E.Hale, loc. cit. (1965).
  Thallus loosely adnate, membranaceous, to 7–15 cm wide. Lobes rotund, 7–15 mm wide, often becoming crowded, convoluted and obscured by lobules; margins crenate or becoming lobulate-laciniate; laciniae usually canaliculate, suberect; lobes and laciniae moderately ciliate; cilia conspicuous, 1–3 mm long. Upper surface grey, shiny, weakly white-maculate or emaculate, smooth to rugulose, lacking soredia and isidia. Medulla white, orange-red near lower cortex. Lower surface black, sparsely rhizinate at centre, brown to ivory in a broad erhizinate marginal zone; rhizines simple. Apothecia common, pedicellate, 6–12 mm wide; disc imperforate; thalline exciple often shortly dentate-laciniate, ciliate, heavily rugose, distinctly white-maculate. Ascospores 26–34 × 12–18 µm. Pycnidia common. Conidia bacilliform, 4–5 × 1 µm. CHEMISTRY:cortex K+ yellow; medulla K-, C-, KC+ red, P-; pigmented medulla K+ purple; containing atranorin, chloroatranorin, alectoronic acid (major), a-collatolic acid and skyrin (in pigmented medulla).
  A scattered species in coastal and hinterland forests of Qld; also known from Central and South America, southern Africa and China. Grows on bark.  
  Elix (1994t)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from Australian Biological Resources Study. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed in the first instance to Dr P. McCarthy. These pages may not be displayed on, or downloaded to, any other server without the express permission of ABRS.

Top | About us | Advanced search | Contact us | Information services | Publications | Site index | What's new