Department of the Environment and Water Resources home page

About us | Contact us | Publications | What's new

Header imagesHeader imagesHeader images

Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Xanthoparmelia brunnthaleri (J.Steiner & Zahlbr.) Hale
  Phytologia 28: 486 (1974); Parmelia brunnthaleri J.Steiner & Zahlbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 60: 505 (1926). T: Matjesfontein [Matjiesfontein], Cape Province, South Africa, 10 Nov. 1909, J.Brunnthaler; holo: W.  
  Thallus foliose to subcrustose, very tightly adnate, to 3–4 cm wide. Lobes imbricate or not, flat, sublinear-elongate to subirregular, irregularly branched, 0.8–1.5 mm wide. Upper surface yellow-green, darkening and becoming dark greyish green, dull or shiny towards margins, emaculate, becoming rugulose, lacking soredia and isidia; older lobes extensively fractured and areolae commonly formed; areolae c. 1 mm wide; lobes commonly black-margined particularly towards apices. Medulla white. Lower surface pale tan to light brown, often somewhat darker to smoke-grey near lobe apices; rhizines moderately dense to dense, simple, brown. Apothecia subpedicellate, 1–2 mm wide; disc concave, dark brown to black-brown; thalline exciple smooth, thick, entire. Ascospores 8.5–10.5 × 5–6 µm. Pycnidia common. Conidia bifusiform, 6–7 × 0.5 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K-, UV-; medulla K-, C-, KC-, P-; containing usnic acid, scabrosin 4-acetate 4'-hexanoate, scabrosin 4,4'-diacetate and unidentified scabrosin derivative Rfc 12.
  Very rare, in arid central Australia (W.A. and N.T.); more common in South Africa. Grows on rock.  
  Elix (1994z)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from Australian Biological Resources Study. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed in the first instance to Dr P. McCarthy. These pages may not be displayed on, or downloaded to, any other server without the express permission of ABRS.

Top | About us | Advanced search | Contact us | Information services | Publications | Site index | What's new