Department of the Environment and Water Resources home page

About us | Contact us | Publications | What's new

Header imagesHeader imagesHeader images

Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Xanthoparmelia lithophila (Kurok.) Elix
  Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003)
Parmelia lithophila Kurok., Bull. Natl Sci. Mus., ser. B, 11: 83 (1985); Paraparmelia lithophila (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst. in J.A.Elix, J.Johnston & D.Verdon, Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986). T: Ardglen Gap, Liverpool Ra., 8.4 km N of Murrurundi, Great Dividing Ra., N.S.W., 28 Oct. 1965, S.Kurokawa 5175; holo: TNS.
  Thallus foliose, adnate to tightly adnate, to 4–8 cm wide. Lobes scarcely to markedly imbricate, flat, subirregular to sublinear-elongate, irregularly branched, 1–5 mm wide; apices subrotund or crenate. Upper surface pale grey to dark grey, darkening, sometimes becoming black-margined towards lobe apices, flat, shiny, emaculate, lacking soredia and isidia; older lobes dull, often transversely or irregularly cracked, becoming rugulose. Lower surface rugose, black, brown at lobe margins; rhizines sparse to moderately dense, grouped subapically, simple, black. Apothecia sessile, 2–6 mm wide; disc concave then undulate-distorted, red-brown to dark brown; thalline exciple smooth, persistent, thick and involute becoming thin and undulate. Ascospores 10–11 × 4–5 µm. Pycnidia minute, immersed, punctiform. Conidia 5–6 × 1 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K+ yellow then dark red, C-, P+ yellow-orange; containing atranorin, norstictic acid (major), connorstictic acid (minor), ±constipatic acid and ±protoconstipatic acid.
  A scattered endemic species in hinterland and mountainous areas of eastern Australia (Qld and N.S.W.).  
  Elix (1994n)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from Australian Biological Resources Study. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed in the first instance to Dr P. McCarthy. These pages may not be displayed on, or downloaded to, any other server without the express permission of ABRS.

Top | About us | Advanced search | Contact us | Information services | Publications | Site index | What's new