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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Xanthoparmelia lithophiloides (Kurok.) Elix
  Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003)
Parmelia lithophiloides Kurok., Bull. Natl Sci. Mus., ser. B, 11: 84 (1985); Paraparmelia lithophiloides (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst. in J.A.Elix, J.Johnston & D.Verdon, Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986). T: sandstone escarpment, 25 km E of Nerriga, N.S.W., 1 Dec. 1965, S.Kurokawa 6403; holo: TNS. *****Parmelia nigromarginata Kurok., based on a specimen in MEL, fide R.B.Filson, Checklist of Australian Lichens 1st edn, 71 (1983), nom. nud.
  Thallus foliose, adnate, to 4–6 cm wide. Lobes becoming crowded and imbricate, flat, irregular to sublinear, irregularly branched, 1–2 mm wide; laciniae often developing, linear-elongate, subdichotomously branched, 0.5–1 mm wide. Upper surface pale grey to dark grey, sometimes blackening, flat to slightly convex, shiny near lobe apices, dull within, emaculate, becoming transversely cracked, lacking soredia and isidia; lobes black-margined. Lower surface black; rhizines moderately dense, simple, slender, elongate, black, brown at lobe apices. Apothecia subpedicellate, 2–5 mm wide; disc flattening, developing stellate cracks, black-brown; thalline exciple narrow. Ascospores 10–11 × 4–5 µm. Pycnidia minute, immersed, punctiform. Conidia 5–6 × 1 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K+ yellow then dark red, C-, P+ yellow-orange; containing atranorin, norstictic acid (major), salazinic acid (submajor), connorstictic acid (trace), consalazinic acid (trace), ±protoconstipatic acid and ±constipatic acid.
  A common species endemic in south-eastern Australia, particularly in upland areas (S.A., N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic. and Tas.).  
  Elix (1994n)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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