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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Xanthoparmelia scotophylla (Kurok.) Elix
  Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003)
Parmelia scotophylla Kurok. in S.Kurokawa & R.B.Filson, Bull. Natl Sci. Mus., ser. B, 1: 45 (1975); Pseudoparmelia scotophylla (Kurok.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 31: 46 (1976); Paraparmelia scotophylla (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst. in J.A.Elix, J.Johnston & D.Verdon, Mycotaxon 27: 281 (1986). T: Ardglen Gap, Liverpool Range, 8.3 km N of Murrurundi, Great Dividing Range, N.S.W., 28 Oct. 1965, S.Kurokawa 5174; holo: TNS; iso: MEL.
  Thallus foliose, loosely to tightly adnate, to 5–20 cm wide. Lobes slightly imbricate, subirregular to sublinear, subirregularly branched, 1–3 mm wide; apices subrotund. Upper surface grey, blackening, flat to slightly convex, shiny, emaculate, smooth but becoming cracked in thallus centre, without soredia; lobe apices shiny; isidia sparse to dense, cylindrical, simple, or, occasionally coralloid-branched, to 0.2 mm tall; isidia apices syncorticate, not inflated, intact. Lower surface pale brown; rhizines sparse to moderately dense, simple, concolorous. Apothecia rare, subpedicellate, to 6 mm wide; disc deeply concave, smooth, pale brown; thalline exciple thin, involute, isidiate. Ascospores 7–12 × 5–8 µm. Pycnidia not seen. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K+ yellow then dark red, C-, KC-, P+ yellow-orange; containing atranorin, salazinic acid (major) and consalazinic acid (minor).
  A common species throughout central, southern and eastern Australia (N.T., S.A., Qld, N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic. Tas.); also occurs in Norfolk Is. and New Zealand.  
  Elix (1994n)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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