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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Chrysothrix candelaris (L.) J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist 13: 110 (1981)

Byssus candelaris L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1169 (1753).

Lepraria candelaris(L.) Fr., Nov. Sched. Crit. Lich. 16 (1824).

T: illustration in J.J.Dillenius, Hist. Musc. tab. 1, fig. 4 (1742) (BM); typotype: Britain, not in existence; neotypotype: Blackheath, London Borough of Lewisham, England, on timber, c. 1800, Herb J.E.Smith (LINN), fide J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist 13: 110 (1981).

  Thallus crustose-leprose, bright yellow, rarely with a faint greenish or orange tinge, unstratified or, in thick specimens, sometimes indistinctly stratified, adnate, diffuse or rarely delimited, irregularly spreading, sometimes forming scattered granules but usually ±continuous. Soredia fine, with individual granules convex to spherical, 12–40 μm wide, becoming agglomerated and forming granules to 200 μm wide. Medulla usually not apparent, in thick thalli sometimes indistinct and yellow. Photobiont cells ±globose, 15–18 μm wide, solitary or clustered. Apothecia not seen in Australian specimens [Reported to be rare, to 0.5 mm wide, ±superficial, rounded or distorted-angular; disc pale orange, often yellow-pruinose, plane to slightly convex; margin thin, ecorticate, soon becoming excluded; hymenium colourless, to 50 μm thick; epihymenium colourless, to 18 μm thick, composed of a reticulate layer of richly branched paraphyses; hypothecium colourless, poorly developed; ascospores mostly 3-septate, narrowly ellipsoidal, straight or curved, 9–14 × 3 μm (Tønsberg, 2004)]
CHEMISTRY: Thallus K+ orange, C–, KC–, P+ orange, UV+ dull orange; containing calycin.
  This cosmopolitan species occurs on bark, wood and rock in dry and shaded microhabitats in Qld, Vic. and Tas.  
  Elix (2009d)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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