Department of the Environment and Water Resources home page

About us | Contact us | Publications | What's new

Header imagesHeader imagesHeader images

Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Umbilicaria umbilicarioides (B.Stein.) Krog & Swinscow

Nordic J. Bot. 6: 83 (1986)

Gyrophora umbilicarioides B.Stein, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Kult. 1888: 13 (1888).

T: Kilimanscharo [Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania], 10 July 1887, H.Meyer; holo: WRSL n.v.

Gyrophora cylindrica f. propagulifera Vain., Rés. Voy. Belgica, Lich. 10 (1903); Umbilicaria propagulifera (Vain.) Llano, Monogr. Lich. Fam. Umbilicariaceae 162 (1950). T: “Détriot de Gerlache, [Antarctica], sur un rocher isolé au milieu d’un glacier, à 300 m. d’altitude au-dessus du niveau de la mer, 64°21’ de latitude sud, Ile Brabant (10e débarquement, no. 248 pr.p, 154)”. “Exped Antarct Belge 1897–99 No. 154”, 1898, M.Emile & G.Racovitza; lecto: BR n.v., fide R.B.Filson, Muelleria 6: 342 (1987); isolecto: TUR-V 000597 n.v.

  Thallus 3–10 (–20) cm wide, monophyllous or polyphyllous; lobes irregular; margins entire. Upper surface dull, typically finely areolate-scabrid, medium to dark brown or grey to black, wholly or partially covered with a thin to thick white necral layer; naked areas maculate or not. Isidia and soredia absent. Lower surface mostly smooth to weakly areolate, especially in blackened areas near the umbilicus, pinkish to beige-brown to black, with or without patchy sparse grey pruina. Rhizinomorphs abundant on upper and lower surfaces and marginal, 0.5–1.5 (–3.0) mm long, black, mostly terete, richly branched, shrubby to ±coralloid, frequently forming a dense fringe; thallyles frequent, most commonly on rhizinomorphs on lower surface. Thalloconidia sparse to abundant, at apices of rhizinomorphs, multicellular, ±globose, (15–) 20–40 (–60) µm wide; individual cells 5–10 µm wide. Apothecia occasional to frequent, marginal or scattered over the upper surface, (0.5–) 1–3 (–4) mm diam., substipitate, occasionally coronate; disc gyrose, plane to convex, black. Ascospores simple, ellipsoidal to oblong-ellipsoidal, 12–18 × 6–9 µm, hyaline. Pycnidia scattered, immersed, visible as black dots on the upper surface. Conidia bacilliform to fusiform, 3–4 × 0.5–0.7 µm.
CHEMISTRY: Medulla K–, C–, KC–, P–; no substances detected by TLC.
  Occurs in N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic. and Tas., on rock outcrops in subalpine and alpine habitats. Also in Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, New Zealand and Antarctica.  
  Louwhoff (2009c)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from Australian Biological Resources Study. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed in the first instance to Dr P. McCarthy. These pages may not be displayed on, or downloaded to, any other server without the express permission of ABRS.

Top | About us | Advanced search | Contact us | Information services | Publications | Site index | What's new